Read e-book online Advances in Nuclear Physics: Volume 4 PDF

By Daphne F. Jackson (auth.), Michel Baranger, Erich Vogt (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461582288

ISBN-13: 9781461582281

ISBN-10: 146158230X

ISBN-13: 9781461582304

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It' ,,- \ :',, \, /1 / 100 \ :. i ,~\ i\ I '.. ~1 r/ w/ / / I -200 100 -100 200 300 Q(MeV/c) Fig. 8. The distorted momentum distribution 1gnli I" for a Ip proton in 12C calculated at incident proton energies of 160 MeV, 460 MeV, 600 MeV, and 1 GeV. The plane-wave calculation is also shown but is reduced by a factor of t. [From D. F. Jackson and B. K. Jain, Phys. Letters 27B:147 (1968). ) 1. The Investigation of Hole States in Nuclei 29 and hence reduce the cross section for protons scattered through angles >45°, compared with those scattered through angles <45°.

4. 1. Comparison of Knockout and Absorption Processes In this section we consider those direct reactions which lead to the ejection of a group of two or more nucleons from the nucleus. We exclude 38 Daphne F. Jackson from the discussion processes such as evaporation and spallation, and also knockout reactions such as (p, 3p) in which there are more than two fast particles in the final state. The remaining processes are of three types: (i) Quasi-elastic knockout reactions, such as (p, pd), (p, pa), and (a,2a).

11, in which the left-hand vertex represents the dissociation of the target nucleus A --+ B + d and the right-hand vertex represents the scattering of the incident proton from the deuteron. This is the pole graph for the reaction and the corrections to it are the triangle graphs which represent, in the language of distorted wave theory, contributions from distortion, core excitation, and rescattering. t The validity of the simple pole graph for a given reaction may be investigated by applying the Trieman-Yang test (TY 62), which in the case of the knockout or t In the calculations reported on the (p, 2p) reaction (KS 69) the contributions from the triangle graph are represented by constants so that it is not yet possible to make a meaningful comparison with conventional distorted-wave calculations.

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Advances in Nuclear Physics: Volume 4 by Daphne F. Jackson (auth.), Michel Baranger, Erich Vogt (eds.)

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