Read e-book online 100 Questions & Answers About Osteoporosis and Osteopenia, PDF

By Ivy M. Alexander (Author) Karla A. Knight (Author)

ISBN-10: 0763777803

ISBN-13: 9780763777807

ISBN-10: 0763789569

ISBN-13: 9780763789565

Nearly ten million american citizens have osteoporosis and thirty-four million have osteopenia (low bone mass) with many extra in danger. even if you believe you might have those stipulations or have a chum or relative with osteoporosis or osteopenia, this informative ebook deals support for women and men of every age. a hundred Questions & solutions approximately Osteoporosis and Osteopenia, moment variation, offers authoritative functional solutions for your questions about treatments, way of life judgements to enhance bone wellbeing and fitness, resources of aid, reviews from women and men with bone loss, and lots more and plenty extra. This new version has been thoroughly revised and up-to-date with the most recent details.

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Extra resources for 100 Questions & Answers About Osteoporosis and Osteopenia, Second Edition

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If you are White, particularly of Northern European descent, or Asian, you are at higher risk for osteoporosis than if you are Hispanic or Black. In fact, 65% of Black women have low bone mineral density. But if you are Black, you are still at significant risk—10% of Black women have osteoporosis. Over 300,000 Black women have osteoporosis, and approximately 90% of the fractures sustained by older Black women are due to osteoporosis. As Black women age, their risk for fracture doubles every 7 years, and the mortality rates following hip fractures are greater among Black than White women.

Glucocorticosteroids (prednisone, prednisolone, cortisone, glucocorticoids, steroids, adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH], Orapred®, Pediapred®, Prelone®) are the main group of medications associated with secondary osteoporosis. They cause more osteoporosis than any other medication. The glucocorticosteroids, also called corticosteroids or more commonly just steroids, can be taken orally, inhaled, injected, or used topically (through the skin) or intravenously. The oral, intravenous, and injected forms of steroids are the most damaging to bones.

Having a strict vegetarian diet (no foods that are animal-based) is associated with osteoporosis for two reasons: strict vegetarians avoid dairy products, an important source of calcium and vitamin D; and they also tend to have a lower BMI (around 20), which is also linked to osteoporosis. • Medications. Some medications cause either an increase in bone loss or a decrease in bone formation. The following medications are some that increase your risk of osteoporosis: anticonvulsants, thyroid hormone, corticosteroids, lithium, methotrexate, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), cholesteramine, heparin, warfarin, and antacids containing aluminum (see Question 15).

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100 Questions & Answers About Osteoporosis and Osteopenia, Second Edition by Ivy M. Alexander (Author) Karla A. Knight (Author)

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